Spring Grove Cemetery & Arboretum

Spring Grove Cemetery and Arboretum (733 acres) is a nonprofit rural cemetery and arboretum located at 4521 Spring Grove Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio. It is the third largest cemetery in the United States, after the Calverton National Cemetery and Abraham Lincoln National Cemetery and is acknowledged as an US National Historic Landmark. Cincinnati Ohio Information.

 

Location Cincinnati, Ohio
Built 1845
Architect Adolph Strauch et al.
Architectural style Gothic Revival
NRHP reference # 76001440
Significant dates
Added to NRHP May 13, 1976
Designated NHLD March 29, 2007

History

The cemetery dates from 1844, when members of the Cincinnati Horticultural Society formed a cemetery association. They took their inspiration from contemporary rural cemeteries such as Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris, and Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The many springs and groves recommended the name “Spring Grove”. On December 1, 1844 Salmon P. Chase and others prepared the Articles of Incorporation. The cemetery was designed by Howard Daniels and formally chartered on January 21, 1845. The first burial occurred on September 1, 1845.

His sense and layout of the “garden cemetery” made of lakes, trees and shrubs, is what visitors today still see. On March 29, 2007, the cemetery was designated a National Historic Landmark. The Spring Grove Cemetery Chapel is noted independently on the National Register of Historic Places.

On October 23, 2013, cemetery personnel removed a large and potentially troubling SpongeBob SquarePants headstone from the tomb of U.S. Army Corporal Kimberly Walker and another for her still-living sister a day after her funeral service. The family thought they had authorization from a worker, whom management said had actually erred.  In February 2014, both parties accepted replace the statues with granite pieces mostly concealing them from passersby.

Description

Spring Grove incorporates 733 acres (2.97 km2) of which 400 acres (1.6 km2) are presently landscaped and kept.

Since 2005, its National Champion trees were Cladrastis kentukea and Halesia diptera; its State Champion trees consisted of Abies cilicica, Abies koreana, Cedrus libani, Chionanthus virginicus, Eucommia ulmoides, Halesia parvifolia, Metasequoia glyptostroboides, Phellodendron amurense, Picea orientalis, Picea polita, Pinus flexilis, Pinus griffithi, Pinus monticola, Quercus cerris, Quercus nigra, Taxodium distichum, Ulmus serotina, and Zelkova serrata.

 

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