Coyotes are considered one of the nine most dangerous animals in Ohio. Three venomous snakes lead the list, the northern copperhead, the timber rattlesnake, and the eastern massasauga rattlesnake. In addition, poisonous spiders such as the black widow and the brown recluse, mosquitos, ticks, the kissing bug, snapping turtles, white-tailed deer and the black bear are considered the most dangerous. So how did coyotes fall into this list?
Coyotes, in general, try to avoid humans, and an attack on a person is not common. So, should we be concerned for our family and pets when we see a coyote on our property?
Facts About Coyotes
Coyotes (Canis latrans) are members of the canine (Canidae) family of 34 species including dogs and wolves. Canidae is a biological family of dog-like carnivorans, familiarly referred to as dogs. All three, domestic dogs, wolves and coyotes are closely-related species. Actually, they can interbreed and produce feasible, fertile offspring called coydogs, coywolves and wolfdogs.
Virtually non-existent several hundred years ago, as cleaning of landscapes, eliminating their predators with hunting and habitat loss, coyotes started moving eastward across the country and now are embracing the Ohio opportunities presented to them.
When To Watch Our For Coyotes
Coyotes are typically thought to be loners that live on their own except during the breeding season. However, recent research shows that coyotes, when not hunted by man, will live in social groups. The pack includes the mated pair, their young and juveniles from the previous year’s litter. They hunt together and will defend their territory. They can be extremely vocal with their sounds being heard when they are most active between dusk and dawn.
Coyotes can be heard and seen in Ohio all year long.
The coyote’s mating season goes from January to March. Wildlife officials warn people to keep their pets out of harm’s way as the male coyotes become bold and aggressive during these months. They will roam freely from their den and up to approximately four square miles. They are not likely to attack unless provoked or while protecting their den. Also, during a cold winter, if their normal diet and natural resources of rodents are scarce, they may prey on small pets. In addition, they like pet food and will trash your garbage to find food.
As coyotes give birth in the spring and begin to raise their young, their sightings can increase as they begin to venture out during the daylight hours to find food for their pups. The potential for a coyote attack increases during April and May as the adult coyotes will protect their young litter. It is vital to stay out of their way during these spring months as well.
Not native to Ohio coyotes are now found in eighty-eight counties in Ohio. As they have moved eastward from the open deserted lands in the west to the thriving communities in Ohio, there is always a need for concern. Their intelligence and ability to adapt easily enabled them to survive in our own backyards.
What To do If You Encounter a Coyote
As mentioned earlier, they are afraid of you just as you are of them, and they will take measures to avoid human contact. However, you must always take the necessary steps to avoid an unnecessary encounter.
- If you encounter one, leave the area, do not run and make loud noises.
- Make sure your dog is safe on a leash; if not, do not leave them unsupervised especially at night when coyotes are most active.
- Never attempt to touch or feed.
How To Deter Coyotes
- Remove all food sources, garbage, pet food and clean up around the grill after usage.
- Install motion sensor lights to deter them.
- Pick up fruits and berries that have fallen to the ground.
- Fence in bird feeders and vegetable gardens.
- Keep dogs fenced in when unsupervised outside.
- Keep shrubery trimmed and clear bushes and dense weeds so they have less cover.
Contact for Coyote Wildlife Removal Services
Do not put yourself or your pet in harm’s way. If you see a coyote or a pack of them on your property contact the Critter Detective Wildlife Animal Removal company immediately.